Chikungunya Virus:Prevention,Diagnosis and Treatement

ChikungunyaDefinition Of The Virus:

Chikungunya is a viral disorder transmitted to humans through infected mosquitoes. It causes fever and excessive joint ache. different symptoms encompass muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash.


Background:

Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne viral disease first defined for the duration of an endemic in southern Tanzania in 1952. it is an RNA virus that belongs to the alphavirus genus of the family Togaviridae. The call “chikungunya” derives from a word inside the Kimakonde language, which means “to turn out to be contorted”, and describes the stooped look of patients with joint ache (arthralgia).

Transmission:

The virus is transmitted from human to human by way of the bites of infected female mosquitoes. most typically, the mosquitoes concerned are Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, species which also can transmit other mosquito-borne viruses, consisting of dengue. those mosquitoes can be found biting at some stage in daylight hours, though there may be peaks of activity within the early morning and overdue afternoon. each species are discovered biting outdoors, but Ae. aegypti will even conveniently feed interior.


Detection/Diagnosis:

The symptoms of chikungunya are much like those of dengue and Zika, sicknesses spread via the identical mosquitoes that transmit chikungunya.
See your healthcare issuer in case you develop the symptoms described above and feature visited a place in which chikungunya is located.
when you have recently traveled, tell your healthcare provider whilst and where you traveled.
Your healthcare provider may also order blood assessments to search for chikungunya or other comparable viruses like dengue and Zika.

Treatment:

1)There is No Treatement Of This Virus Just Like Dengue However You Have To Treat Symptoms indvidualy.
2)Take Medicine Like Paracetamol For The treatement Of pain and Fever.
3)Avoid Aspirin And Other Non steroidal Anti inflamatory Drugs (NSAIDS)
4)Drink Plenty Of Fluids
5)Alot Of Rest
6)if You Are Taking Medicine For Other Medical Condition Then Talk To Your Health care Provider.

Prevention and control:

The proximity of mosquito vector breeding websites to human habitation is a massive risk element for chikungunya as well as for other diseases that these species transmit. Prevention and manage is predicated closely on reducing the range of natural and synthetic water-filled field habitats that assist breeding of the mosquitoes. This calls for mobilization of affected communities. throughout outbreaks, pesticides may be sprayed to kill flying mosquitoes, implemented to surfaces in and around boxes in which the mosquitoes land, and used to deal with water in boxes to kill the immature larvae.
For safety at some point of outbreaks of chikungunya, clothing which minimizes skin exposure to the day-biting vectors is counseled. Repellents can be implemented to uncovered pores and skin or to clothing in strict accordance with product label commands.
Repellents have to incorporate DEET (N, N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide), IR3535 (three-[N-acetyl-N-butyl]-aminopropionic acid ethyl ester) or icaridin (1-piperidinecarboxylic acid, 2-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-methylpropylester). For those who sleep throughout the daylight, particularly young kids, or unwell or older humans, insecticide-handled mosquito nets manage to pay for precise safety. Mosquito coils or other insecticide vaporizers can also reduce indoor biting.
basic precautions need to be taken by means of people touring to danger regions and these encompass use of repellents, carrying long sleeves and pants and making sure rooms are equipped with monitors to prevent mosquitoes from entering.

SHARE THIS WITH YOUR FRIENDS AND FAMILY MEMBERS FOR AWARENESS.

Source:
www.cdc.gov
www.who.int

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