General Pharmacology Definitions And Basic Concepts

Pharmacology

1)PHARMACOLOGY:

It is a branch of science that Deal with interaction of drugs with living organisms.Pharmacology incorporates the information of history,source,physical and chemical properties,compounding,biochemical and physiological effects,mechanism of action,absorption,distribution,biotransformation,excretion,and restorative and different employments of medications.

2)Drugs:

A drug is a comprehensively characterized as any substance specialist that causes changes in natural Functions in a living organism.some medications are framed inside living organism,such as hormones(insulin)Neurotransmitters(noradrenaline),etc.Drugs That are brought into the body from outside are known as xenobiotics.Most of the medications tie with a particular particle in a living being and cause an adjustment in its biological function by invigorating it.This atom directs a few capacities in the living life form and is known as receptor.There are some different medications that rear with the receptor yet don’t bring about its stimulation.they additionally keep the agonsit from authoritative with the receptors,such medications are known as antagonists.The sub-atomic weight of the most medications weight from 100-1000.However there are a few medications whose sub-atomic weight is very less, for example, that of lithium which is just 7.there are some drugs that have a high sub-atomic weight for example,alteplase has a sub-atomic weight of 59050.

3)Dose:

A determined measure of medication endorsed to be taken at one time.

4)Pharmacokinetics:

Branch Of Pharmacology That manage the absorption,distribution,metabolism and excretion of drugs.

5)Pharmacodynamics:

Branch Of Pharmacology Which  manages the physioligical and biochemical impacts of drugs and their system of activity.

6)Pharmacotherapeutics:

Pharmacotherapeutics manage the utilization of medications for counteracting and treating disease.

7)Toxicology:

It is a part of pharmacology that arrangement with the unfriendly impact of medications on living organisms.in expansion to drugs utilized as a part of therapy,it additionally manages numerous different chemicals that might be in charge of household,envionmental or industrial intoxications.

8)Medical Pharmacology:

It is a branch science and pharmacology which manage the substances used to prevent,diagnose and treat infections.

9)Pharmacognosy:

It is a branch of pharmacology which manages the organic and monetary components of common medications and their constituents.

10)Clinical pharmacology:

It is the scientific investigation of medications taken by Human being.

11)Pharmacy:

It is a branch of health sciences that arrangement with the preparation,dispensing and legitimate usage of medications.

12)Pharmacopoeia:

Pharmacopeia is a book that contains a list of item utilized as a part of prescription with descriptions,chemical tests for deciding their character and purity,and formulas for specific mixtures of these substances.it additionally for the most part contains an announcement of normal dosage.we commonly refers to two sorts of pharmacopeia.
1)British Pharmacopoeia(BP)
2)United States Pharmacopeia (USP)

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