Pharmacology Mnemonics

First And Most important Thing Is What are Mnemonics And why We Use It ? Basically mnemonics are the techniques and methods that help recall and easily memorise you Large peice of information,in the form of lists ,steps ,stages and memorable words etc.

How to make Mnemonics ?

Making mnemonic is not a difficult task infact its  very easy to make mnemonics.First of all try to Pick every first word of uses or side effects etc combine that words in such a way to make a new and memorable word that is easily understandable .

Following are some of the Pharmacology Mnemonics /Pharmacology made easy Which Will help you In exams .

Pharmacology Mnemonics / Pharmacology made easy

1)Antidiarrheal Drugs

Remember (A  COOBRA)

A.Alpha 2 Agonist (Clonidine)
A.Absorbent Kaolin and Pectin)
C.Charcoal :Physically acting agent
O.Octreotide:Somatostatin
O.Opioid Agonist : Diphenoxylate +Loperamide+Diphenoxin
B.Bismuth Compound :Bismuth subsalicylate
R.Resin (Bile Acid Binding Resin):Cholesttramine
A.anticholinergic :Propatheline +Atropine

2)Migraine : Treatment Drugs

Remember This Sentence And Pick Every First Word

Pharmacotherapeutic Agents are Very Volatile  For Migraine Prophylaxis”:

P:  Pizotifen
A:  Amitriptyline
V:  Verapamil
V:  Valproic acid
F:  Flunarizine
M: Methysergide
P: Propranolol

3)Asthma Treatment

Don’t Forget ASTHMAA

A.Albuterol And Terbutaline
S.Salmeterol And Formoterol
S.Steroids:Beclomethasone
T.Theophyline  (Methylxanthines)
H.Histamine Release Blockers like Cromolyn
M.Muscarinic Antagonist ; Ipratropium
A.Antileukotrienes Like Montelukast etc
A.Anti IgE Like Omalizumab

 

4) Beneficial effects of inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis i.e. paracetamol and NSAIDs

Just Don’t Forget  (5 A’s)

A: Analgesia
A: Antipyretic
A: Anti-inflammatory
A: Antithrombotic
A: Arteriosus (NSAIDs for closure of patent ductus arteriosus)
5) RTI: drugs to treat viral respiratory infections “
Remember
RAO:
R: Rimantadine
A: Amantadine
O: Oseltamivir

6)Medication administration: short checklist TRAMP:

Before dispensing medication, ensure have correct:
T: Time
R: Route
A: Amount
M: Medication
P: Patient

7)Drugs that increase warfarin (O DEVICES)

O: Omeprazole
D: Disulfiram
E: Erythromycin
V: Valproate
I: Isoniazid
C: Ciprofloxacin and Cimetidine
E: Ethanol (acutely)
S: Sulphonamides
8)Drugs that decrease the effectiveness of warfarin (BRAS PC)
B: Barbiturates
R: Rifampicin
A: Alcohol (chronic use)
S: Sulphonylureas
P: Phenytoin
C: Carbamazepine

9)Cocaine: cardiovascular effect COcaine causes blood
vessels to
COnstrict (other local anesthetics which cause vasodilation).

10)Carbamazepine : Indications CBZ:
C: Cranial Nerve V (trigeminal) neuralgia
B: Bipolar disorder
Z: Zeisures (Seizures)

11)Sulfonamides: common characteristics SULFA:

S: Steven-Johnson syndrome/ Skin rash / Solubility low
U: Urine precipitation/ Useful for UTI
L: Large spectrum (gram positives and negatives)
F: Folic acids synthesis blocker (as well as synthesis of nucleic acids)
A: Analog of PABA
12)Tricyclic antidipressents (TCA): side effects 

Remember CAT”S

C: Cardiac (arrhythmia, MI, stroke)
A: Anticholinergic (tachycardia, urinary retention, etc)
T: Thrombocytopenia
S: Seizures
13)Bacteriocidal Antibiotics :

Remember this sentence

Penicillins & Cephalosporins Are Very Cidal For Microbes 
P.Penicillins
C.Cephalosporins
A.Aminoglycoside
V.Vancomycin
F.Fluoroquinolones
M.Metronidazole

14)Peptic Ulcer Treatment

PEPTIC ULCER

P.Proton Pump inhibitors like omeprazole,eso,lansoprazole
E.E1 Analogues like misoprostol
P.Pathogen (H.Pylori)Eradicators Like Metronidazole,Amoxicillin And Tetracycline etc
T.Tidine (H2 Blockers) Like Ranitidine ,Famotidine and Nizatidine
I.Intestinal Antacids Like Mg(OH)2NAHCO3 And Al(OH)3CACO3
C.Cholinergic Antagonist Like Pirenzipine
C.Colliodal Bismut And Sucralfate .

15) Vitamin B3 Deficiency

Pellagra

3D of pellagra

D.Dementia
D.Dermatits
D.Diarhea

16) Supra ventricular Tachycardia Treatment

Remember ABCDE
A.Adenosine
B.Beta Blockers
C.Calcium channel Blockers
D.Digoxin
E.Excitation (Vagal Stimulation)

17)Drugs Used In Gout:

Remember GOUT

G.Glucocorticoids Or NSAIDs
O.Oxidase Inhibitors :Allopurinol
U.Uricosurics :Probencid
T.Tubulin (Microtubules)Inhibitors:Colchicine

18)Anti TB Drugs

First Line Drugs

Remember RIPE
R.Rifampicin
I.Isoniazid
P.Pyrazinamide
E.Ethambutol
19) Quinolone & Fluoroquinolones Drugs

Remember (N  COLM)

N.Nalidix acid
C.Ciprofloxacin
O.Ofloxacin
L.Levofloxacin
M.Moxifloxacin
20) Side Effects of Beta Blockers

Remember All agents of this group End With OLOL

CHF
GIT Disturbances
Bradycardia
Depression
Lethargy
21) Calcium Channel Blockers
Remember
Very Nice Drugs
V.Verapamil
N.Nifedepine
D.Diltiazem

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