Depression Also Called major depressive disorder ; could be a common and serious medical health problem that negatively affects how you’re feeling, the way you think that and the way you act. luckily, it’s treatable. Depression causes feelings of unhappiness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It will cause a range of emotional and physical issues and may decrease a person’s ability to perform at work and at home.
Research tells us that different factors contribute to the onset of depression, including genetics, grief or difficult life circumstances certain medical conditions, changes in hormone levels,stress,. Any of those factors alone or together will precipitate changes in brain chemistry that cause depression’s several symptoms.
According To WHO depression is one of the foremost disabling disorders in the world, affecting roughly one in 5 ladies and one in 10 men at some point in their life.
Symptoms Of Depression:
Depression symptoms can vary from mild to severe and can include:
- Thoughts of death or suicide
- Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions
- Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed
- Changes in appetite — weight loss or gain unrelated to dieting
- Feeling sad or having a depressed mood
- Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much
- Loss of energy or increased fatigue
- Feeling worthless or guilty
- Increase in purposeless physical activity (e.g., hand-wringing or pacing) or slowed movements and speech (actions observable by others)
Types Of Depression And How To Treat Depression :
There Are Three Types of Depression,
3)Sever Depression .
1)Mild Depression :
If Your Depression Is Mild One You Should Wait And See For Atleast 2 Weeks That Whether Your Depression May Subside By Itself Or Not.
Take Help Of Exercise Some Studies Have Shown That Exercise Is One of The Main Treatment For Depression . Antidepressant Drugs Should not be use routinely in mild depression.
2)Moderate Depression :
If You Have Been Diagnosed With Mild Or Moderate Depression Your Strategies Should Be Talking Therapy There are differing kinds of talking medical care for depression, as well as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and guidance. Your general practitioner will refer you for talking treatment, or in some elements of the country you would possibly be able to refer yourself.
If Your Depression Is Sever One The Controlling Strategies Should Be Antidepressant Drugs .There are approximately 30 type of Antidepressant drugs. Keep In Mind That These Drugs Should be Prescribed By A License Physician Or A Team Of Psychologists.
How To Treat Depression Naturally ?
1)Be Socially Active:
keep in regular contact with friends and family, or consider joining a class or group. Strong social networks cut back isolation, a key risk factor for depression. Volunteering may be a marvelous way to get social support and facilitate others while additionally helping yourself.
Exercise Is The Best Natural Remedy For Reducing Your Depression Daily About 30-60 Minutes Of Exercise will Be A Great Plus for Your Health Because Due To Exercise Your Body Release Different Hormones Like Serotonin And Endorphins, It Also Increase The Growth Of New Brain Cells .
Depression will build it exhausting to induce enough shut-eye, and insufficient sleep will make depression worse.
4)Try To Be Happy:
According To Some Studies Feeling Happy May Increase Your Serotonins Level Which Will Make You Happy Low serotonin receptor function is related to poor mood, and high 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) levels are related to better mood. Basically, whereas low 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) could cause you to feel unhappy, feeling happy may additionally increase your 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin ) levels. It’s not clear that is more powerful, however a technique to extend 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin )may be through psychotherapy strategies like cognitive behavioral medical care, meditation
5)Avoid Caffeine Which Decrease Level Of 5 hydroxytryptamine (Serotonin)
6)Never Avoid Meal Because This Will Stable Your Blood Sugar Which Reduce Mood Swing.
Drugs That Are Used In Depression :
1.Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors: (SSRI)
fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem)
paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva, Brisdelle)
2.Serotonin & Nor epinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors: (SNRI)
These drugs include:
desvenlafaxine (Pristiq, Khedezla)
venlafaxine (Effexor XR)
3)Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
4)Mono Amine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) :
Treatment Strategies :
There’s very little to decide on among the various classes of antidepressant medication in terms of efficaciousness, therefore selection should be based on the person patient’s needs, together with the presence of concomitant illness, current clinical aid, suicide risk, and previous reaction to antidepressant therapy. because there may be an interval of 2 weeks before the antidepressant action takes place, electroconvulsive treatment can be required in extreme depression whilst delay is unsafe or intolerable. at some stage in the first few weeks of treatment, there’s an accelerated potential for agitation, anxiety, and suicidal ideation.
SSRIs are higher tolerated and are safer in overdose than other classes of antidepressants and need to be considered first-line for treating depression. In patients with unstable angina or who have had a recent myocardial infarction, sertraline has been proven to be safe.
Tricyclic antidepressants have comparable efficacy to SSRIs however are much more likely to be discontinued due to side- effects; toxicity in overdosage is likewise a problem. SSRIs are less sedating and have fewer antimuscarinic and cardiotoxic results than tricyclic antidepressants.
MAOIs have dangerous interactions with some foods and drugs, and need to be reserved to be used by experts. although anxiety is frequently present in depressive illness (and can be the presenting symptom), the usage of an antipsychotic or an anxiolytic might also mask the genuine diagnosis. Anxiolytics or antipsychotic drugs have to consequently be used with warning in depression but they’re useful adjuncts in agitated patients. Augmenting antidepressants with antipsychotics under professional superintendence may additionally be important in patients who’ve depression with psychotic signs.
Sources : BNF
Note:Treatment And Drugs Therapy Are Only For Medical Students And Professionals.Its Better To Consult Your Physician Before Starting Antidepressant Drugs