DRUGS USED IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

 Emergency Drugs

1)COMMONLY USED DRUGS IN ICU AND CCU

The main groups of drugs used in ICU are as follows:

OPOIDS: • Fentanyl • Naloxone • Morphine • Pethidine

Non Opoids:  Analog of phencyclidine,And  Ketamine

BENZODIAZEPINES: • Midazolam • Diazepam• Flumazenil • Lorazepam

SEDATIVES: Propofol.

The main groups of drugs used in CCU are as follows:

Digoxin ,Propanolol ,Lignocaine, Adenosine, Amiodarone Verapamil Aspirin, Sodium bicarbonate, GTN Streptokinase Isosorbide di-nitrate ,Nicorandil, Atrovastin.

2)Common Emergency Drugs

Life Saving Drugs: • Atropine• Sodabicarbonate • Adrenaline• Calcium Gluconate • Xylocard

Other Emergency Drugs are:

  • Atropine •Midazolam Common drugs used for OP poisoning •Diazepam

3)Drugs used in Congestive Cardiac Failure:

  • ACE inhibitors: captopril, enalapril
  • ARBS: losartan. Candesartan
  • Beta blockers
  • Diuretics
  • vasodilators
  • Digoxin

4) Most Common drugs used for cardiac arrest:

  • Antiarrythmic- amiodarone, lidocaine.
  • Epinephrine
  • Vasopressors dopamine, dobutamine
  • Other drugs-, sodium bicarbonate atropine, , thrombolytic Agents(STK, tPA) ,calcium

 5) Drugs used in Angina

  • Isosrbide dinitrate
  • Amlodipine
  • Glyceryl trinitrate(GTN)
  • Propanolol • Verapamil

6) Common drugs used in Myocardial Infarction:

  • Vasodilators: Nitroglycerine
  • Antiplatelet: aspirin
  • Anticoagulant: heparin
  • Pain relief : Morphine
  • Vasopressor: dopamine, dobutamine
  • Stool softner: cremaffin .

7) Commonly Used Drugs In Operation Theater:

  • Local Anesthetics:

This Includes Lignocaine/Lidocaine HCL,And Bupivacaine HCL

  • General anesthetics:This Group Inclides

Ether,Isoflurane,halothane,nitrous oxide,thiopentone sodium,Sevoflurane,Propofol.

10) MUSCLE RELAXANT:

  • Vecuronium
  • Mivacurium
  • Succinyl choline
  • Atracurium

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